Men, Women and Children of Chakwal wear very simple dress. Men generally wear shalwar Kumeez or Dhoti Kurta, a turban on special occasion, with Chappals, Khusas or Sandles . In the winter months they add a coat, sweater or a Dhussa with it. The more educated class also wear shirts with trousers, adding a coat in the winters. Young boys can be seen wearing jeans and shirts occasionally. Women almost invariably wear Shalwar Kameez with Dopatta, and a woolen Shawl or Sweater in the winter. Sarhis or western dresses are never worn. Footwear consists of Chappals or Sandals. On occasions of festivity the Kameez and Dopatta are heavily embroidered. Ornaments of gold and silver are also worn depending on the occasion and the financial position.
Customs and Traditions
The culture of Chakwal is primarily based on the way of living as taught in Islam; but owing to the fact that Chakwal before independence was an area where a large number of Hindus lived, it is influenced by Hindu rites, rituals and even ideas. The ceremonies of mayun and mehndi, the extravagant expenditures made on feasting guests at death, the hosting of a lavish meal by the bride’s parents on the barat, large dowries for brides, the belief that parents must not stay in the houses of their married daughters, and melas at the mausoleums of pirs are all of Hindu origin. Besides this, the people of Chakwal live a simple and straight life as enjoined by their religion.
Farming is the main occupation of the people of Chakwal. With the exception of a few large landholders in subdivision Talagang, Holdings are small in the district and farming is conventional, though new techniques and the Barani Agricultural Institute Chakwal is introducing methods. The farmers have also begun to use fertilizer and pesticides; and capital intensive, time saving inputs like tractors and harvesters, are being used eversince their introduction in the country. The total area of the district is 1652443 acres, and the total cultivated area is 786212 acres. The main crops of the district are: Wheat, Peanut, Bajra, Grams, Masoor, Mash, Maize, Jawar, Vegetables Fruit orchards, especially of citrus, have also been planted by farmers but only on small areas owing to shortage of water. Fair sized Loquat orchards exist in Kallar Kahar and Choa Saiden Shah.
Chakwal has been frequented by a number of saints who came here to spread Islam. Mausoleums and shrines of these holy men were built after their death by the followers. The more important of these shrines are:
Chillagaah, Hazrat Sultan Bahu, Kallar Kahar.
Darbar, Hazrat Ahoo Bahoo, Kallar Kahar
Darbar, Sakhi Saidan Shah Shirazi, Choa Saidan Shah
Chillagaah, Hazrat Baba Farid Gunj Shakar, Kallar Kahar
Darbar Alawal Sharif
Darbar Pir Waliat Shah, Karsal
Darbar Pir Khara Sharif
Chakwal is renowned for its special PEHLWAN REWRI. At Eid and other celebrations Halwa has a special importance.